Poverty in Nigeria. Nigeria has one of the world’s highest economic growth rates, averaging 7.4% according to the Nigeria economic report released in July 2014 by the World Bank. Poverty still remains significant at 33.1% in Africa’s biggest economy.
Nigeria’s large population and historic ethnic instability has led to the adoption of a federal government. The resultant fiscal decentralisation provides Nigeria’s state and local governments considerable autonomy, including control over 50% of government revenues, as well as responsibility for providing public services.
Effects Of Poverty In Nigeria
Poverty results in many things that can affect human population negatively or worsen certain situations. The effects or consequences of poverty are as follow:
- Poor health
- Poor or no education
- Child Abuse
Poor health: Where will a poor person see the money to go for medical check-up frequently to know the state of his or her health? You go for medical check-up regularly when you have the money to pay the doctor that will conduct the test on your body. Generally, poverty encourages poor health. One may have an interest in taking fruits so that the body system will be immune against disease but will not be able to do that if there is no enough money to get the fruit for his consumption.
Many children suffer from one disease to another because of the high poverty level in the vicinity. Malnutrition is high in many poor countries of the world and it is one of the consequences of early child death. Child mortality is a problem and one of the ways to limit it is by eradication of poverty.
Poor or no education: Truly, a poor does not go to school. Where will he get the money to get educated? The truth is that it is how the disease will be transferred from father to children until the bondage of poverty is broken in the hand of any of the children or the generation. Where will the money for expensive textbooks and materials for practical functions come from? It is when a student has money that he will think of textbooks to buy for his or her study.
Parents who are poor do not have money to send their children to school because of the problem of poverty. The parents first use the available money to buy food for the family before you think of primary or secondary school enrolment. In most African countries, there is poor enrolment of citizens of different nations because of the high level of poverty.
Death: Poverty can lead people to death. As people say that poverty is a disease, when the disease is not cured on time, it can kill the person that is suffering from it. Bringing it down to the human life, poverty leads people to starvation which later leads to their death.
The life expectancies of rich countries of the world are not the same with that of poor countries of the world. That of rich countries is higher than that of poorer countries because the rich have the money to take care of themselves, while the poorer have little or nothing. The life expectancy of Liberia in 2009 was 55.48 years (World Bank Data). Liberia is the world’s 4th poorest nation based on 2013 poverty report. From the data of the life expectancy, it implies that that average Liberians die at the age of 55.48 years. So, poverty can be the cause of early death in the country when compared with that of rich countries. Nigeria, which is another country located in African continent has the life expectancy of 50.9 years (2009 report) and can be traced to the poverty level in the country. In 2013, the country was 44th poorest country in the world. The United States of America has high life expectancy. This is because of the good economic environment, and low poverty level. The life expectancy of United States of America (USA) is 78.2 years (2009 World Bank Report). Owing to that, USA is the 4th richest country in the world (International Monetary Fund Report in 2013). In conclusion, as poverty level of countries increase, the death rate may increase.
Child Abuse: Child abuse simply mean physical maltreatment of the child by people of higher ages. Because of child abuse, governments and some individuals are working hard to ensure that children are not maltreated in any way.
But, poverty is one of the major causes of child abuse. Some parents expose their children to danger in the course of making effort to see that both ends meet. For instance, parents who are poor send their children to roads where the hawk for goods and can accidentally be knocked down by vehicles, which most of them die at that spot. Some of them carry sachet water and sell to travelers on express roads. During these functions performed by the poor children, the young female gender among them may fall into the hands of hungry men who seriously “enter” into the inner parts of their body, found in-between the legs, and seriously injure the poor girls in the process of forcing in their “things” into that of the girls.
Crime: According to Concise Oxford English Dictionary, crime is an action which constitutes a serious offense against an individual or the state and is punishable by Law. Poverty brings about corruption in countries. Poverty can force people to indulge in criminal acts. Because there is no money, people forced themselves to make money through cut-corners.
The armed robbers that operate on different highways do not operate because they do not love their lives; rather conditions of poverty can force them into that. When one is poor, a lot of evil thoughts can flow into him and subsequently leads him into robbery, which can end his existence in this life. Most people take the risk of robbery because they seriously believe that it is what will make them come out of the dungeon of poverty.
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