The South African Mining sector has helped immensely to shape South Africa to a greater extent than any other industry. Although the attractiveness of South Africa for mining investment ha reduced but country still has the world’s richest reserves of precious minerals and base metals. Big and small countries would like to exploit these. Some are doing so despite the political threats.
Even more will do so if the threats can be effectively managed or reduced. According to the Chamber of Mines, investment over the next few years could almost double in the absence of threats. Coal Mining has contributed a lot in making South Africa’s economy one of the strong in African continent. Records show that South Africa is the sixth largest holder of coal in the world with 31 billion tonnes of recoverable coal reserves, equivalent to 11 % of the world’s total coal reserves.
South African Coal are majorly mined in Mpumalanga. 83 % of the total amount of coal produced in South Africa is mined in Mpumalanga. Coal is also mined in the provinces of Limpopo, Kwazulu-Natal and Free State and is concentrated around the towns of Lephalale, Witbank, Ermelo and Secunda. Coal is South Africa’s dominant energy source. 77% of South Africa’s energy needs are provided by coal, according to the Department of Energy. Eskom produces 95% of electricity used in South Africa7, and its coal-fired stations produce about 90% of electricity produced by the utility.
Grootegeluk mine – Limpopo
Leeuwpan mine – Mpumalanga
Tshikondeni mine – Limpopo
Mafube coal – Mpumalanga
Mafube joint venture (JV)2 – Mpumalanga
Iyanda mine – Mpumalanga
Exxaro reductants – Limpopo
Arnot mine – Mpumalanga
Matla mine – Mpumalanga
North Block Complex – Mpumalanga
New Clydesdale mine – Mpumalanga