Taraba State one of the largest state in Nigeria notably has many ethnic groups and different languages they speak. Taraba State is called the ”Nature’s gift to the nation because the state is rich. This post will give you every details about Taraba State, it’s tribes and languages they speak.
Taraba is a state in Nigeria, named after the Taraba River which traverses the southern part of the state. Taraba’s capital is Jalingo.
Taraba State is bounded in the west by Nasarawa State and Benue State, northwest by Plateau State, north by Bauchi State and Gombe State, northeast by Adamawa State, east and south by Cameroon.
Taraba State lies largely within the middle of Nigeria and consists of undulating landscape dotted with a few mountainous features. These include the scenic and prominent Mambilla Plateau. The state lies largely within the tropical zone and has a vegetation of low forest in the southern part and grassland in the northern part. The Mambilla Plateau with an altitude of 1,800 meters (6000 ft) above sea level has a temperate climate all year round.
The Benue, Donga, Taraba and Ibi are the main rivers in the state. They rise from the Cameroonian mountains, straining almost the entire length of the state in the North and South direction to link up with the River Niger.
Tribes In Taraba State
The Kanuri tribe is a tribe of horsemen. This tribe is perhaps the only tribe in Nigeria with a way of life which includes horse riding. The Kanuris trace their history to the ancient Bornu-Kanem Empire.
Islam is the predominant religion of this people while farming is the major occupation. People from the Kanuri tribe feed on meals that are made from processed millet and maize.
The Karimjo people occupy the Karim lamido part of Taraba state. They are neighbors with the Fulani and always have constant conflicts with their neighbors.
The Karimjo tribe is made up of about 99% Muslims and about 1% traditionalists. Farming and cattle rearing are the major occupations that indigenes of this tribe engage in.
The kuteb tribe occupies parts of Taraba state and have a population of about 600,000 people. They are a tribe with many similarities with their Hausa neighbors. People of the Kuteb tribe have always had confrontations with their neighbors and still do till this day. This series of confrontations have led to deaths and unending movements.
Islam is the dominant religion of this tribe while farming is the occupation of the average Kuteb indigene.
The Mumuye tribe is the largest tribe in Taraba state. They occupy Gashaka, Bali, Gassol, Lau, Ardo-Kola, Jalinggo, Yorro and Zing local government areas in Taraba state. They speak a language called Mmuye. Although this language is not Hausa, it could be mistaken for the Hausa language by people that are not northerners.
The people of Mumuye are predominantly Muslims and are known for their farming.
The Tiv people make up about 7% of Nigeria’s population. They have a population of about 3.5 million people. Although the majority of the Tive people are found in Benue, a handful of them occupy parts of Taraba state.
The people of Tiv are mostly farmers and traders and are known to be predominantly Christians. The Tiv people put on a peculiar cloth pattern which is usually sewn into any style. Soup and Tuwo are staples on the tables of the Tiv people.
This is a small tribe with a population of about 106,000 people. The people of Nyandang live in a hilly environment. They are peaceful people are predominantly Christians.
Farming is the major occupation of this people. These people feed on processed millet and maize.
The Hausas are some of the most influential people in Nigeria. The Hausa people in Nigeria have a very large population and occupy some of the driest parts of Nigeria. The Hausa tribe has a high population of the poor and a few rich individuals. Also, a large number of this people are either unschooled or do not have the required level of education to survive in modern times.
The people of this tribe speak a language that is known as the Hausa language. They have a lot in common with other neighboring tribes and are often considered the only tribe in the lands that they occupy. Men from this tribe put on flowing gowns that are known as Babban riga while women tie wrappers on a blouse and cover their heads with hijabs. On very special occasions, men from the Hausa tribe tie turbans around their heads and put on expensive clothes instead of the regular flowing gowns.
Not much is known about the history and origin of the Gornun people. However, the fact that they are predominantly Muslims and have their way of life influenced by Islam suggests that they have their roots in the Middle East.
Farming is the major occupation of this people. Men and women from Gornun dress like the Hausas.
The Fulani people are found in West Africa and in the Sahel. They are one of the biggest tribes in Taraba state. It is believed that these people migrated from the Middle East through the Sahara desert. The Fulani people have a violent history. In pre-colonial times, they were known to be very much interested in conquering territories. It doesn’t appear that this attribute of taking over territories has ceased to exist. In recent times, the Fulani people have been involved in violent clashes with other tribes far away from their own territory.
These people speak a language that is known as Fulfude. They are majorly nomads and are involved in the rearing of cattle. Men from this tribe put on flowing gowns that are called Babban riga while women tie wrappers on a blouse and cover their heads with hijabs.
The Diba tribe is a much unknown minority tribe. The people of this tribe are Muslims and have farming as their major occupation.
Most of the traditions of this people are the traditions of their Hausa neighbors. Men from Diba put on flowing gowns while their women tie wrappers on blouse and cover their heads with hijab
Bobua tribe is an unknown tribe in Taraba state. There is no record of where these people migrated from. However, the fact that they share similar cultures with the Hausas suggests that they have similar origins.
The Bobua people are Muslims and farmers.
The Betso tribe is a minority tribe and is largely Islamic. These people are farmers and traders. Also, they do not have any known cultures of their own. Most of their cultures are Hausa cultures. Such things as dressing and food have been adopted by the Hausa people.
The people of Betso are farmers and traders.
The Banda tribe is a predominantly Islamic tribe. People of this tribe have a way of life that is in strict adherence to Islam. People from Bada are basically farmers. They also have the same mode of dressing with their Hausa neighbors.
The Bambuko tribe is a minority tribe in Taraba state. The people of this tribe are predominantly Muslims and have to farm as their major occupation.
The Bambuko people have a way of life that is greatly influenced by Islamic traditions. They also are known to dress and feed like the Hausas.
This tribe is a minority tribe and does not have any noticeable custom of its own. This tribe has adopted the customs of their predominant religion. Islam is the religion of the Bakulung people while farming is the major occupation of this people.
The Bakulung people eat the same meals as the Hausas and dress the same way also.
The Babur tribe is a minority tribe in Taraba state. The people of this tribe have taken up the lifestyle of the Hausa tribe. The Babur people are predominantly Muslims and have to farm as their major source of livelihood.
Both men and women dress like the Hausas. Also, their meals are made from processed millet and rice.
Tark people occupy the hilly lands of Langtang-north, Langtang- south, Wase and Kanke LGAs. These people are traditionalists and are farmers by occupation. Over time, these people have adopted the cultures of the Hausas. As a result of this, men from Tarok put on flowing gowns while women tie wrappers on a blouse and cover their hair with a hijab.
Tarok meals are usually made from processed millet and rice
How Many Languages In Taraba State
Taraba State tribes speaking different langues. The most predominately spoken language in Taraba State is Hausa language followed by Fulani Language.
Languages Spoken In Taraba State
- Jenjo Language
- Jidena Language
- Kuteb Language
- Chamba Language
- Yandang Language
- Mumuyes Language
- Mambila Language
- Wurkums Language
- Fulani Language
- Jukun Langauge
- Tiv Language
- Kaka Language
- Hausa Language
- Tikari Language
- Ndola Langauge
- Wawa Language