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What Are The Main Traditional Crops And Natural Resources In Nigeria


What Are The Main Traditional Crops And Natural Resources In Nigeria

Nigeria is blessed with lots of agricultural products & natural resources. The Nigeria agricultural sector serves as one of the major sector in Nigeria’s economy. Nigeria as well has rich natural resources and it’s economy highly depends on these resources to thrive. The natural resources has benefited the country a lot in so many ways & areas.

Before we proceed lets first explain what is natural resources.

What Is Natural Resources?

Natural resources can be defined as as resources that exist without actions of human being. Natural resources may be further classified in different ways. Natural resources are materials and components (something that can be used) that can be found within the environment. Every man-made product is composed of natural resources (at its fundamental level). A natural resource may exist as a separate entity such as fresh water, air, and as well as a living organism such as a fish, or it may exist in an alternate form that must be processed to obtain the resource such as metal ores, rare earth metals, petroleum, and most forms of energy.

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Major Traditional Crops In Nigeria

Years past Nigeria was well know worldwide for the export of groundnut and palm kernel oil. Nigeria products is divided into two main groups: Exports & Food Crops Produced For Consumption.

Below are the main traditional crops in Nigeria..

  • Beans
  • Sesame
  • Cashew nuts
  • Cassava
  • Cocoa beans
  • Groundnuts
  • Gum arabic
  • Kolanut
  • Maize (corn)
  • Melon
  • Millet
  • Palm Kernels
  • Palm Oil
  • Plantains
  • Rice
  • Rubber
  • Sorghum
  • Soyaneans
  • Bananas
  • Yam

Natural Resources In Nigeria

Natural resources can be classified in different ways. Natural resources are classified as follows below.

Renewable and Non-renewable resources

Renewable resources:- Renewable resources are animal and plants.

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Non-renewable resources:- Non-renewable resources are minerals, soils and fossil fuel which are usually found in a very limited amount and Earth takes ages to produce the new resources.

According to it’s classifications, there are Mineral and agricultural resources. continue reading below as we explain them in details.

Mineral Resources

You can have below the list of mineral resources in Nigeria and where you can locate or find them across the states.

  • Bitumen – Lagos, Edo, Ondo, Ogun.
  • Coal – Ondo, Enugu.
  • Oil and gas – Akwa Ibom, Abia, Bayelsa, Edo, Delta, Rivers, Imo.
  • Gold – Edo, Ebonyi, Kaduna, Ijesha, Oyo.
  • Iron ore – Benue, Anambra, Kogi State, Kwara, Delta State.
  • Lead and zinc – Ebonyi, Benue, Ogoja, Kano.
  • Salt – Akwa Ibom, Abia, Ebonyi, Cross River.
  • Tin – Jos, Bauchi.
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Agricultural Resources

Agricultural resources in Nigeria and their locations are outlined below. Agricultural resources are extremely important for the country’s economic purposes just like the mineral resources.
They are not only used for export and trading like the mineral ones, but they also can be consumed directly by Nigerian people. Below are the list of the important agricultural resources in the country, and the states where you can find them:
  • Cocoa – Edo, Anambra, Imo, Kwara, Ondo, Ogun, Osun, Oyo.
  • Coffee – Kwara, Bauchi, Osun.
  • Cotton – Katsina, Kano, Niger, Kwara, Sokoto.
  • Groundnut – Ebonyi, Katsina, Sokoto, Kano, Niger.
  • Kola nut – Ogun, Oyo, Osun, Kwara.
  • Oil palm – Akwa Ibom, Imo, Anambra, Oyo, Aba.
  • Plantain – Ogun, Oyo, Osun.
  • Rubber – Delta, Cross River, Ogun, Edo.
  • Sugarcane – Sokoto.
  • Timber – Edo, Ogun, Delta.



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David Chris is writer and a staff at He is also an internet guru who who loves reading and making new friends

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