List Of Top 20 Crops Grown In Nigeria
Agriculture in Nigeria is a branch of the economy in Nigeria, providing employment for about 30% of the population as of 2010.
The sector is being transformed by commercialization at the small, medium and large-scale enterprise levels
The current government of Nigeria is doing everything possible to make sure Nigerians cue in and leverage the benefits in Agriculture
In the past, Nigeria was famous for the export of groundnut and palm kernel oil. But over the years the rate of export of this produce has reduced.
A few years back local Nigerian companies has commenced exporting groundnuts, cashew nuts, sesame seeds, moringa seeds etc. Local company such as Lantbruk Global Integrated Services Limited has paved the way for other firms to continue in elevating Nigeria agricultural system.
Nigerian farmers grows varieties of crops across the nation..ranging from Cocoa which leading non-oil foreign exchange earner but the dominance of smallholders and lack of farm labor due to urbanization hold back production. In 1999, Nigeria produced 145,000 tons of cocoa beans, but has the potential for over 300,000 per year. For more productivity, Nigerian Government should give more incentives to cocoa farmers
Rubber is the second-largest non-oil foreign exchange earner
Major crops In Nigeria include
3. Cashew nuts
4. Cocoa beans
6. Gum arabic
8. Maize (corn)
11. Palm kernels
12. Palm oil
List Of Top 10 Importance Of Agriculture In Nigeria Economy
Nigeria economy is blessed with series of natural resources, yet they suffer in the midst of plenty. Nigeria has a high poverty rate in comparison with other African countries despite its higher GDP.
Currently, Nigeria has over 80% of it’s land arable but unfortunately less than 40% of the land is cultivated despite the country’s teaming population and level of unemployment.
Hence, the need to reform the agriculture sector cannot be over emphasize as stated in a recommendation by Fatokun, I.A (2009) in his thesis titled Globalization and Sustainable Development (A Case Study of Nigeria).
In an attempt not to waste too much words, agriculture is important to Nigeria economy development in the following areas:
- A shift in monoculture economy i.e. diversifying from over reliance on crude oil especially at a time when the price plummet which is becoming to tell on the economy.
- Provision of food and raw materials through development of agriculture to the Nigeria teaming population and the development of the manufacturing sector respectively. Which in turn will also discourage heavy dependence on importation.
- Agriculture sector is also capable of reducing the country’s level of unemployment on the account that the sector is labour intensive.
- Agriculture will also curb the effect of rural-urban migration which will help to decongest the urban areas and make life easier for people both in the rural or urban area.
- Agriculture will also help the government to make more effort in developing the degrading infrastructural facilities throughout the nation in attempt to ease movement of goods from one location to the other, likewise for preservation of Agricultural output.
- Development of the Agriculture sector will also help in improving other sectors and thereby curbing the level of the existing corruption in the country.
The list of the importance of Agriculture to Nigeria economy is endless. Therefore, the bulk of the work lies in the hands of the government and would be entrepreneurs to take advantage of the enormous benefit that is in the Agriculture Sector.
The reason is simple, it will attract Foreign Direct Investment, it will reduce poverty, it will also reduce the country level of unemployment, it will reduce government reliance on crude oil, it will also help to strengthen the Naira against Dollar through Favorable Balance of Payment, the railway lines could also be revamped to ease movement of Agriculture produce and people alike.
In general, development of Nigeria Agriculture sector may also help to reduce the level of corruption in the country.
Culled From http://escapadeng.blogspot.com/
Channel Of Distribution Of Crops In Nigeria
Channels of distribution consist of a set of independent organizations involved in making a product or service available for use or consumption.
Basically there are two types of channel used for the distribution of goods; marketing channel for industrial good as well as that that for consumer goods .Both types of channels directly and indirectly make goods available to end-users. While all goods and services pass through the marketing channels of distribution, the perishability of farm produce sometimes compel farmers to make use of direct distribution channels.
Also, since majority of farmers reside in rural areas and are separated from their customers they on the other side make use of the indirect marketing channels. This paper therefore explores gaps between the producers or farmers and the final users of farm produce that justify the use of channels of distribution; steps involved in selecting a marketing channel of distribution; the main functions of distribution channels and the centralized and decentralized channels of distribution of agricultural produce in Nigeria. The paper concluded that because of the high risks involved in agricultural production in Nigeria, there is the need for the channels of distribution to buy produce from farmers at a rate that would compensate for their efforts and continue to keep them in business.